West Lafayette, Indiana - A Purdue University-affiliated startup developing a novel treatment for a life-threatening lung condition known as acute respiratory distress syndrome, or ARDS, is taking part in a prestigious startup accelerator program where about $2 million in funding is available.

Orlando, Florida - According to recent research, the insulin resistance and pancreatic beta-cell (β-cell) dysfunction associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) was unresponsive to treatment with metformin alone or metformin combined with insulin glargine in youth with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), which is an element of prediabetes, or early T2D. Additionally, youth with IGT and T2D, compared to adults, are more insulin resistant, and thus their insulin is less effective in lowering blood glucose levels in their bodies.

Salt Lake City, Utah - To encourage patients to live healthier lifestyles, researchers at Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute have adopted Nobel Prize-winning “nudge theory” for medication adherence in cardiovascular patients. Nudging is based on the idea that people don’t always make rational choices with their own best interest in mind. They are influenced by emotions and personal needs, but these choices may not lead to the best outcomes.

Washington, DC - Today the FDA announced the availability of a revised final guidance: “Revised Recommendations for Reducing the Risk of Zika Virus Transmission by Blood and Blood Components.” This revised guidance replaces the August 2016 guidance, which recommended universal nucleic acid testing for Zika virus of individual units of blood donated in the U.S. states and territories. The revised guidance explains that, in order to comply with applicable testing regulations, blood establishments must continue to test all donated Whole Blood and blood components for Zika virus using a nucleic acid test.

Washington, DC - National Institutes of Health researchers have identified a naturally occurring lipid—a waxy, fatty acid—used by a disease-causing bacterium to impair the host immune response and increase the chance of infection. Inadvertently, they also may have found a potent inflammation therapy against bacterial and viral diseases.

Washington, DC - A new study from the U.S. Department of Agriculture shows that when it comes to handwashing before meals, consumers are failing to properly clean their hands 97 percent of the time. Rushed handwashing can lead to cross-contamination of food and other surfaces, resulting in foodborne illness.