Washington, DC - Exposure to uncomfortable sensations elicits a wide range of appropriate and quick reactions, from reflexive withdrawal to more complex feelings and behaviors. To better understand the body’s innate response to harmful activity, researchers at the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), part of the National Institutes of Health, have identified activity in the brain that governs these reactions. Using heat as the source of discomfort, experiments conducted by the center’s intramural program showed that bodily responses to pain are controlled by a neural pathway involving heightened activity in the spinal cord and two parts of the brainstem. Results of the study were published in the journal Neuron.

Washington, DC - Thursday, the United States imposed sanctions on seventeen Saudi Arabian individuals for serious human rights abuse resulting from their roles in the killing of Jamal Khashoggi at the Consulate of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Istanbul, Turkey, on October 2. This action was taken under the authority of Executive Order 13818, which implements and builds upon the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act. As a result of this action, all of these individuals’ assets within U.S. jurisdiction are blocked, and U.S. persons are generally prohibited from engaging in transactions with them. At the time of Khashoggi’s killing, these individuals occupied positions in the Royal Court and several ministries and offices of the Government of Saudi Arabia.

Washington, DC - First Lady Melania Trump attended the Family Online Safety Institute’s (FOSI) 2018 annual conference on Thursday afternoon.   The Chair of Family Online Safety Institute, Patricia Vance, and President and CEO of the United States Institute of Peace, Nancy Lindborg greeted the First Lady upon her arrival.

Washington, DC - From November 12-16, the U.S. Department of State and the U.S. Department of Education are celebrating International Education Week (IEW) by encouraging Americans to seek opportunities to study abroad and welcoming international students to study in the United States. International education makes the United States stronger, forging lasting connections with peers in other countries, bringing benefits to local communities, and generating knowledge to solve shared challenges.

Washington, DC - Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo: "In order to further optimize the State Department and USAID’s humanitarian assistance, I have established a new senior-level mechanism for coordinating and overseeing U.S. humanitarian assistance – the Humanitarian Assistance Steering Council. The purpose of the Council is to coordinate U.S. government efforts in order to achieve seamless, efficient, and effective delivery of humanitarian assistance overseas in support of U.S. foreign policy objectives, including promoting burden-sharing and UN humanitarian reform.

Washington, DC - On November 14, 2018, the Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC) will host 1,500 private sector security professionals at the 33rd annual briefing at the Harry S. Truman building in Washington, DC. This year’s theme is “Protecting Your Organization in a Changing World.” The open press portion of the event includes panel discussions on how prominent organizations counter cyber risks and the challenges of Russian information warfare. Under Secretary for Political Affairs Ambassador David Hale will deliver the keynote address.