Los Angeles, California - According to a new nationwide survey, most Americans are worried about the spread of Ebola abroad, but less about it affecting America or their own families.
Of those surveyed, 66 percent expressed concern that the world outside of the U.S. would see a large number of Ebola cases over the next year, while 49 percent were concerned about a U.S. outbreak during that time, and just 31 percent were concerned that that the disease might strike themselves or their family.
The survey, conducted in English and Spanish by the USC Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics and the USC Dornsife Center for Economic and Social Research (CESR), asked a variety of Ebola-related questions, including where respondents got their information from and how the outbreak had changed their behavior.
Key findings include:
- Most people looked to local TV news for their information about Ebola, with 77 percent of respondents tuning in to their local stations for information. By comparison, only 43 percent went to their local newspaper, 32 percent used Internet search engines, and 17 percent looked to public health officials for information.
- Reports of Ebola cases in the U.S. did not appear to have caused much concern, with 61 percent of respondents saying that they were completely unaffected by the news and 55 percent saying that an additional U.S. case would not affect them.
- If Ebola were to strike closer to home, however, it would trigger significantly more concern: 49 percent of respondents said that they would avoid public places and 48 percent said that they would wash their hands more or wear a mask if their local community were to report a case.
- Of those polled, roughly 40 percent were at least somewhat worried that some people might be treated unfairly due to concerns about Ebola, compared to 60 percent who were not.
“Ebola has certainly received a great deal of attention from the media and the public. There is significant concern about the situation outside the United States, and some level of concern about further cases in the U.S. and the potential for overreaction. To a remarkable degree, most Americans are keeping calm, and ready to carry on,” said John Romley, research assistant professor at the Price School of Public Policy and lead researcher behind the poll.
The USC Schaeffer/CESR poll was conducted from Oct. 28 through Nov. 13, 2014 and surveyed 925 individuals. The poll was conducted online and allowed respondents to complete the survey on a desktop or laptop computer, tablet or smartphone.
Romley collaborated with Marco Angrisani, Emmanuel Drabo, Dana Goldman, Tania Gutsche, Arie Kapteyn, and Neeraj Sood on the poll, which was funded by the Center for Economic and Social Research, with support from the Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics. The results were posted online by the USC Schaeffer Center on Nov. 19.
The research was part of the Understanding America Study, a panel maintained by the Center for Economic and Social Research at USC that conducts regular interviews from a random sample of Americans based on address.
The survey results can be downloaded here: http://healthpolicy.usc.edu/documents/Ebola%20survey%20results.pdf.