Davis, California - High-tech genomics and traditional Chinese medicine come together as researchers identify the genes responsible for the intense bitter taste of wild cucumbers. Taming this bitterness made cucumber, pumpkin and their relatives into popular foods, but the same compounds also have potential to treat cancer and diabetes.

Berkeley, California - UC Berkeley students are creating a new tool that could soon make it far easier for children in developing nations to get life-saving vaccines.

Austin, Texas - Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin have identified a network of genes that appear to work together in determining alcohol dependence. The findings, which could lead to future treatments and therapies for alcoholics and possibly help doctors screen for alcoholism, are being published this week in the journal Molecular Psychiatry.

Alexandria, Virginia - Thanks to advances in diabetes treatment and true personal effort, many people who depend on insulin lead long, healthy lives with the disease something thought impossible not long ago. The December 2014 issue of Diabetes Forecast®, the Healthy Living Magazine of the American Diabetes Association, celebrates these triumphant stories, the science that made it possible and the organizations that give medals to those who have successfully managed diabetes for 10, 25, 50, 75 years or more.

Dallas, Texas - A CT scan of the brain within 24 hours of a mild, non-disabling stroke can predict when patients will be at the highest risk of another stroke or when  symptoms may worsen, according to new research published in the American Heart Association journal Stroke.

Washington, DC - Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have found a duplication of a short stretch of the X chromosome in some people with a rare disorder that causes excessive childhood growth. They believe that a single gene within the region likely has a large influence on how much children grow. The research comes from a lab at NIH’s Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), which seeks to understand growth.