Washington, DC - Saber Healthcare Group LLC, and related entities, (Saber) have agreed to pay $10 million to resolve allegations that Saber violated the False Claims Act by knowingly causing certain of its skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) to submit false claims to Medicare for rehabilitation therapy services that were not reasonable, necessary, or skilled, the Department of Justice announced Tuesday. Saber Healthcare, based in Bedford Heights, Ohio, owns and operates SNFs in seven states.
“Patients are entitled to individualized healthcare services appropriate to their specific medical needs,” said Assistant Attorney General Jody Hunt of the Department of Justice’s Civil Division. “When skilled nursing facilities provide rehabilitation therapy services based on maximizing revenue rather than what is necessary for their patients, we will not hesitate to hold them accountable.”
“Our office is committed to investigating and stopping healthcare fraud,” said U.S. Attorney G. Zachary Terwilliger for the Eastern District of Virginia. “Billing Medicare for higher-than-necessary levels of care exploits our senior citizens and undermines trust in the health care system.”
This settlement resolves allegations that Saber submitted false claims for rehabilitation therapy by engaging in a systematic effort to increase Medicare billings. Medicare reimburses skilled nursing facilities at a daily rate that reflects the skilled therapy and nursing needs of qualifying patients. The greater the patient’s needs, the higher the level of Medicare reimbursement. The highest level of Medicare reimbursement for skilled nursing facilities is for “Ultra High” patients, who require a minimum of 720 minutes of skilled therapy from two therapy disciplines (e.g., physical, occupational, speech), one of which has to be provided five days a week.
The United States alleged that Saber improperly established general goals that all patients should be provided with the Ultra High level of therapy, regardless of the patients’ individual therapeutic needs, and enforced that expectation by pressuring therapists to provide Ultra High therapy to each patient at nine facilities. The United States further contended that Saber established uniform expectations for Ultra High therapy in facility budgets, pressured facility directors in weekly or daily calls to ensure therapists provided the Ultra High therapy to each patient, prevented therapists from providing lower levels of therapy minutes if, in the therapists’ clinical judgment, a lower amount was warranted, caused therapists to report time spent on initial evaluations as therapy time in violation of Medicare policy, and caused therapists to report time spent providing unskilled services as time spent on skilled therapy.
The settlement covers conduct that occurred from Jan. 1, 2013 through March 31, 2017 at the following seven facilities – Chatham Health and Rehabilitation Center (Chatham, Virginia), Stratford Rehabilitation Center (Danville, Virginia), Azalea Health and Rehab Center (Wilmington, North Carolina), Emerald Health and Rehab Center (Lillington, North Carolina), Dunmore Healthcare Center (Dunmore, Pennsylvania), Amberwood Manor (New Philadelphia, Ohio), and Woodlands Health and Rehabilitation Center (Ravenna, Ohio) – and from March 1, 2016 through March 31, 2017 at the following two additional facilities – Autumn Care of Altavista (Altavista, Virginia) and Waddell Nursing and Rehab Center (Galax, Virginia).
Contemporaneous with the civil settlement, Saber has also entered into a five-year Corporate Integrity Agreement with the Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General (HHS-OIG) that requires an independent review organization to annually assess the medical necessity and appropriateness of therapy services billed to Medicare.
“Medicare pays for services that patients actually need,” said Special Agent in Charge Maureen R. Dixon for HHS-OIG. “We will continue working closely with our law enforcement partners to guard these vital taxpayer-funded health programs.”
The settlement announced today resolves a lawsuit filed under the whistleblower provision of the False Claims Act, which permits private parties to file suit on behalf of the United States for false claims and to share in the government’s recovery. The lawsuit was filed by Hope Wright, Laura Webb, and Deborah Edmonds, former Saber rehabilitation therapists and therapy managers. Wright, Webb, and Edmonds will receive $1,750,000 from the settlement with Saber.
This matter was handled by the Civil Division’s Commercial Litigation Branch and the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of Virginia, with assistance from the Department of Health and Human Services Office Inspector General.
The case is captioned United States ex rel. Wright et al. v. Saber Healthcare Holdings, LLC et al., Case No. 2:16-cv-640 (E.D. Va.). The claims resolved by the settlement are allegations only, and there has been no determination of liability.