Washington, DC - The Department of State released today Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume XXIII, Arab-Israeli Dispute, 1969-1972.
As part of a subseries of volumes of the Foreign Relations series that documents the most important issues in the foreign policy of the administrations of Richard M. Nixon and Gerald R. Ford, this volume documents U.S. policy toward the Arab-Israeli Dispute between January 1969 and December 1972. During his first term in office, President Richard Nixon was confronted with the challenges posed by the outcomes of the June 1967 Arab-Israeli War, most notably Israel’s acquisition of territory from its Arab neighbors in the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights, and the West Bank; lingering hostilities between Israeli and Arab forces; the rise of the Palestine Liberation Organization under the leadership of Yasser Arafat; and growing Soviet influence in the Arab states. Although this volume primarily traces the administration’s efforts to broker an Egyptian-Israeli peace settlement while seeking to preserve a precarious regional balance of power between the belligerents, it also covers other aspects of U.S. bilateral relations with Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria, including nuclear matters and arms sales. Among the salient themes highlighted in the volume include the impact of the shifting bureaucratic balance of power within the Nixon administration’s foreign policy apparatus, from the Department of State to the White House, on the making of policy toward the Arab-Israeli dispute, as well as the influence of the Cold War conflict upon U.S. perceptions of the strategic situation in the Middle East and the prospects for peace.